The Effect of Magnetic Nanoparticles along with Magnetic Experimental Modeling for the Desalination of the Caspian Sea Water

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Department Of Physical Oceanography, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Physical Oceanography, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

In this study, samples were taken of coastal waters of Kiashahr port. Magnetic desalination consisted of exposing the sample to a Magnetic field and putting the water in physical contact with magnetic nanoparticles which were synthesized with the co-precipitation method. X-ray diffractometer, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and field-emission scanning electron microscopy were used for the characterization of nanoparticles. The results showed nanoparticles have a spherical shape and a diameter less than 20 nm. After modifying the surface of Fe3O4 nanoparticles with SiO2 they maintained their uniform distribution and spherical shape but their size increased by 20 nm. The salinity and electrical conductivity of the sample was measured prior to and following the magnetic treatment. Maximum decrease in the level of salt and electrical conductivity was achieved when 0.1 g of nanoparticles was put in contact with sea water for 2 hours and also when sea water at a flow of 50 ml/min was introduced to a magnetic field of 30 mT for 20 seconds. The amount of salt in the sample was reduced to 9.65 g/l using the above-mentioned method -having an initial value of 11.6 g/l.

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