Ab Initio Quantum Chemical Studies of 15N and 13C NMR Shielding Tensors in Serine and Complexes of Serine- nH2O: Investigation on Strength of the CαH…O Hydrogen bonding in the Amino Acid Residue.

Document Type : Research Paper

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Abstract

In this paper, the hydrogen bonding (HB) effects on the NMR chemical shifts of selected atoms in serine
and serine-nH2O complexes (from one to ten water molecules) have been investigated with quantum
mechanical calculations of the 15N and 13C tensors. Interaction with water molecules causes important
changes in geometry and electronic structure of serine.
For the compound studied, the most important intermolecular interaction between serine and water
molecules employ different geometrical models of numerous N…H and C-H…O bonds in the crystalline
structures. These interactions have been approximated by explicitly adding the nearest neighbors into the
calculations.
At present, quantum chemistry is almost universally applicable to the interpretation of physical and
chemical properties of various compounds
Chemical shift calculations, geometry optimization and energies have been performed with ab initio
method at HF/6-31G* and HF/6-31G** levels with GIAO methods.
There is strong evidence that intermolecular effects are important in determining the 15N chemical shifts
of free amino acid residue to assign principal axes of the tensors and some systematic trends appear from
the analysis of the calculated values.
Formation of each interaction (in ten orientations) results in a shift of the bridging hydrogen's chemical
shifts of N…H bond that indicate the most stabilized compound.
The CαH…O bond plays an important role in the interactions of amino acids residue upon the structure
and function of a protein.
Despite the finding of numerous CαH…O contacts in proteins, major questions remain about their
importance. Thus it is the strength of this binding that is of most importance in understanding the possible
factor that the CαH…O H-bond may play in the folding of proteins.
This paper represents comparison between theoretical and experimental values of NMR resonances, and
calculations of HF/6-31G** level produce results in better agreement with the experimental data.

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