Density functional theory study of the structural properties of cis-trans isomers of bis-(5-nitro-2H-tetrazolato-N2) tetraammine cobalt (III) perchlorate (BNCP)

Document Type : Research Paper


Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran


In present study, the density functional theory (DFT-B3LYP) method with SVP basis set was used for optimizing and studying the electronic structural properties of cis and trans isomers of bis-(5-nitro-2H-tetrazolato-N2) tetraammine cobalt (III) perchlorate (BNCP) as powerful explosives at 298.15 K temperature and 1 atmosphere pressure. And also, Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) population analysis and the molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) surface of the structures were studied by mentioned level of theory. The effect of ligands sites attached to the transition metal (cobalt) at the BNCP isomers was studied on the HOMO-LUMO energies, the electronic chemical potential, the absolute hardness and electrophilicity index. The geometry optimization of the structures shows the octahedral environment around cobalt. The tetrazole nitrogen atoms have large negative charge. The three-dimensional electrostatic potential maps of the isomers show that the negative charge is located on the nitro and perchlorate groups. The NBO analysis shows that the Co-ligand bonds in the near of perchlorate ion are formed from short, strong and sigma bonds.